Since the creation of the International Committee of the Red Cross in 1863, various Red Cross organizations and societies throughout the world have issued medals to award volunteers for meritorious service as well as to honor other individuals who have provided services of benefit to the Red Cross.
He had witnessed 40,000 dead and wounded men who had not received medical attention and wanted to establish an agency that would provide humanitarian aid during wartime protected by an international treaty that would recognize and uphold the neutrality of said agency.
Thus, in 1863, this agency became the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) with the emblem of a red cross on a white background, which was the inverse of the Swiss flag. In 1864, the first Geneva Convention codified acceptable treatment of sick and wounded soldiers and was initially adopted by twelve nations. Due to these accomplishments, Dunant received the first Nobel Peace Prize in 1901.